– a periodic whole nation total process of collecting, compiling, evaluating, analysing and publishing or otherwise disseminating demographic, economic and social data pertaining, at a specified time, to all persons in a country.
International experience in performing of population censuses is convincingly evidencing that
this statistical survey is the only way to get the most complete and objective data on the population.
Population census data on the number of population, its geographic (territorial) location, national,
language and family composition, its distribution by age, gender, citizenship, education, sources of livelihood,
occupation, social status, migratory activity, etc., in any country are used as a reliable information source
and management of socio-economic development, realization of the budgetary process, performing of administrative
territorial reforms, the implementation of population policy, regulation of migration processes and so on.
The results of population census of each country are of high national, regional and international significance,
if they can be compared with the past surveys, as well as to relevant data of other states. With regard to this,
the UN Statistical Commission adopted recommendations on carrying out of population censuses in countries of the world
in the year ending in zero or close to it.
In 1995, the 28th session of the Statistical Commission called upon all countries of the world to participate
in the next ten-year cycle of national population and housing censuses. During 1999-2004, most countries were conducted census.
Ukraine has not stood aside of this event and in 2001 also held the first census since independence.